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高中英语校本测试对教学的反拨作用研究

日期:2020年04月18日 编辑:ad201107111759308692 作者:无忧论文网 点击次数:402
论文价格:300元 论文编号:lw202004171038035042 论文字数:36695 所属栏目:英语教学论文
论文地区:中国 论文语种:English 论文用途:硕士毕业论文 Master Thesis

本文是一篇英语教学论文,笔者用三种不同类型的人形器械对集合的反冲洗进行了详细的研究。根据奥尔德森和沃尔的反拨假说和休斯在第一章中阐述的反拨基本模型以及在第三章中分析的结果,作者得出了研究问题的答案,我们可以得出结论:校本英语考试与消极英语考试具有正的反拨作用,即内容教与学、目标教与学、方法教与学、态度教与学、教与学的节奏与顺序、教与学的重点、学习兴趣等,教学动机等虽然在教学的某些方面是明显的,但在其他方面并不占优势。


Chapter OneIntroduction


1.1 Background of the Research

Language testing plays an indispensable role in language teaching and learning, forwhich is an essential instrument to measure the effect of teaching and the result oflearning. The two major functions of tests are, according to Bachman, “as sources ofinformation for making decisions with the contest of educational programs; and asindicators of abilities or attribute that are of interest in research on language, languageacquisition, and language teaching”. Naturally, English testing consists a keycomponent of English teaching and learning, which can check whether the Englishteaching process is reliable and valid and whether the students master the Englishlanguage knowledge as well.

Washback effect has become a hot issue in recent years. It has been applied in thefield of linguistics for years, while the scholars at home and abroad have noticed that thewashback effect of test has a great impact on teachers, students, design of the test andeven the whole education system. As a result, the scholars have paid more attention onthe washback effect, especially in the past few decades.

Although the research on the washback effect of test has become increasinglyimportant, the researchers usually focus on the large-scale tests such as NMET, IELTS,TOEFL and so on. The School-based English Test (SET) refers to the examinations heldby school itself, not by the educational administrative department, also holds a vitalposition in the English test. It is worth noting that the frequency and quality of SET isdifferent in different kinds of schools. Some schools in comparative developed city willhold more than four times a semester while schools in remote city cannot reach thisfrequency. 

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1.2 Purpose of the Research

The purpose of the research is to settle three questions: Firstly, what is thewashback effect of the school-based English Test on English teaching in senior highschool? More positive or more negative? Secondly, what is the difference of washbackeffect of SET among these senior high schools in three kinds of cities in Sichuanprovince? And thirdly, what useful suggestions can be drawn to instruct Englishteaching? In order to answer theses three questions, the author investigate nine schoolsin total: three schools in comparative developed city, three schools in prefecture-levelcity and three schools in remote city respectively in Sichuan province with threeresearch methods which are questionnaire, classroom observation and interview. Afterall this investigation process, the author intends to figure out the washback effect ofSET, whether it is more positive or more negative and the distinction of washback effectamong different kinds of schools. Combining with the results of analysis, the authortries to come up with some useful suggestions on the SET.

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Chapter TwoLiterature Review


2.1 Definition of Washback and SET

Language testing, as an important way to get feedback on language teaching andlearning, plays an indispensable part in senior high school education since it canevaluate the teaching quality and students’ learning conditions. Therefore, an increasingnumber of researchers have looked into the influence and function of language testing,which is referred to as Washback effect as a result. According to Alderson and Wall(1993), the word “washback” and “backwash” have the same meaning in pragmatic andsemantic use, but they have gained popularity in the field of applied linguistics andliterature respectively. Besides, the word “washback” has been applied in the field oftesting more frequently, so the author choose it in this thesis.

There are various kinds of definitions of washback: it was first proposed byVermon in 1956, in which he

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