Chapter One INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
Etymologically, intertextuality originates from Latin word intertexto, which means to intermingle while weaving. Intertextuality refers to the phenomenon that any discourses contain quotations or segments from other texts. The concept of intertextuality has undergone a long-term development in literary criticism, which can be traced back to Saussurean linguistic idea that “Language is a system of interdependent terms in which the value of each term results solely from the simultaneous presence of the others” (Saussure, 1974: 78). The term intertextuality is initially coined by French semiotician Kristeva in her essay titled “Word, Dialogue and Novel” in the late 1960s, and since her coinage of the term, intertextuality has exercised a widespread influence and become a dominant idea in literary and cultural studies. In general, the research on the theory of intertextuality can be mainly divided into three fields: structuralism, post-structuralism and deconstructionism. According to Kristeva (1986), every text is involved with a network among readers, writers and other texts instead of being self-contained. Therefore, the text we read is not restricted to a closed system, instead it will carry the evidence of its existence in other texts by means of quotations, references, citations, allusions, etc.
1.2 Objectives of the Study
As an essential medium of international academic exchange, academic thesis has become increasingly significant for scholars. Literature review is an indispensable part of academic thesis which determines the quality of academic writing. The writing of literature review is a process in which previous research achievements are discussed with their inherent logicality evaluated and analyzed. Literature review is not a sheer enumeration of numerous relevant research, instead, author?s own reading and understanding are also involved in literature review. As Boote and Beile (2005) maintain, significant research will not be conducted on condition that a researcher does not have a thorough understanding of prior literature in the field, which will add a disadvantage to researcher?s writing of literature review. According to Bakhtin (1981: 338), half of the words that people utter everyday belong to someone else, in other words, intertextuality is omnipresent in practical life and literature review has no exception. Therefore, a reasonable structure and an effective use of reporting verbs which is a mark of intertextuality in literature review may demand increasing concerns among Chinese native authors.
Chapter Two LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical Study of Intertextuality