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留学生如何高效写好论文和作业

日期:2020年02月22日 编辑:ad202002182258013898 作者:无忧论文网 点击次数:706
论文价格:0元 论文编号:lw202002220334344767 论文字数:3746 所属栏目:帮写留学生作业
论文地区:其他 论文语种:中文 论文用途:论文写作指导 Instruction

同学们在出国留学后就会发现,论文和作业任务时常会有,很多学生看来,留学生论文作业的写作就像是一日三餐一样,几乎每天都要面对它们,而对于我们英文并非强项的同学来说,普遍都会反映要写这些难度太大,每每从老师那里拿回来题目都无从下手。另外,国外学校的老师安排论文作业量通常都比较大,而这些论文作业和我们平时习惯的写法又相差非常多;特别是在格式方面有着极其严格的要求限制,除此之外,类别繁多的论文作业形式如paper、essay、assignment等,也另留学生常常挠破头皮。很多同学都痛感自己平时的时间并不够,可能日常休息日都要扑在论文作业的写作上,不少时候还要熬夜去做。

这的确是相当一部分留学生的真实案例,留学生的论文作业往往会遇到各种各样的难题,例如被老师要求写论文作业时,常常首先就会格式方面的要求,譬如怎么去引用的规则,如果事先没有深入了解,在格式上可能就会出现大问题;又如在写作时很多人漏做标注或者不做标注,忽略References也是常有的事。因此大家在写留学生论文作业,千万要特别关注这些看似是小细节其实非常重要的地方。

国外留学论文怎么写

那么留学生们如何才能高效地写出一篇好的论文作业呢?接下来就给同学们分享一下相关经验,可以从下面几个方向参考入手:

1、积累。每天去读一些英文原版的新闻比如BBC news,去读一些科普期刊,比如,Scientific American。重点不是读,是读的时候在自己的笔记本,或者Onenote里面用自己的话把读到的总结一下。或者把认为比较英语的表达方式copy下来。

2、研习。这里主要说,读自己专业领域的文章。当读了许多专业领域里的文章,你就对不同作者的文章做出比较。然后发现某一些作者的文章写得特别好,就可把这个作者文章收集起来,研究他是怎么写得。文章的构造和逻辑是什么样的。

3、练习。经过了一番总结和积累,当打开word时,你可能还是半天写不出一句话。这个时候,可以把自己最想要表达的想法,以及现在能够证明这种想法的实验结果逐一列出来。然后思考实验结果彼此之间逻辑,把结果与设想组成一段有逻辑的,完整的一段话。记住,这只是练习。

4、无定式练习。英文论文大体分为,Title, Abstract, Introduction,Result,Discussion,Method,Reference。格式看起来好像八股文的形式,非常固定。当一个课题将要结题的时候,打开之前所有的练习以及各种Figure,开始正式写论文的1st-draft。首先是拟一个响亮好看大气的Title,(如果编不出来,可以暂时放弃。等什么时候灵感来了,就拟的更美好更简洁一些)。然后从最简单的Result和Method部分开始。再次从次简单的开始,比如Introduction。1st-draft没有什么写作定式,你可以哪方面比较容易写就从哪开始写。写到一定程度,就新建一个Word文档认真地写好Title,Abstract。所谓的Introduction其实是Abstract的加长版,它包含了许多由浅入深的内容,表述这个领域的现状和进展,以及为何在本文中研究这样的问题,并得到了什么结论。Result部分主要就是一步步阐述下实验设计和思路,以及如何证明文中所提的观点。Discussion部分就是阐述下本文章中做的实验以及得到的实验结果的意义,还有哪些没有说清楚的。至此,等以上完成,1st-draft就算写好大半。然后,这个版本要发给导师等,让他们提意见,然后根据意见修改。

5、论文的基本属性,简洁,逻辑性强!记住这些,这个适用于你写的每一句话。


接下来我们就通过一篇论文,来帮忙留学生们学习如何高效写好论文和作业:


Critically discuss Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), what are the implications for a firm that does not conduct CSR


Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is often mistaken for a 21st century buzz phrase when in fact it has been part of the business lexicon for decades. While some argue that the concept dates back to the Industrial Revolution, the first substantive work was written by Peter Drucker in his 1954 book The Practice of Management. Despite the passage of time, there is still no universal definition of CSR. Corporate Social Responsibility, what it is and how it is implemented, is different depending upon the country a business operates within, the regulatory system they are answerable to and even the industry within which they work. These complications aside, it is necessary to fix on well-rounded definition of CSR in order to critically discuss the concept in this paper. The definition offered by the International Organization for Standardization will be used, as it is general in nature and applicable to most businesses, regardless their country of operation:


“Social responsibility is the responsibility of an organisation for the impacts of its decisions and activities on society and the environment, through transparent and ethical behaviour that:


n contributes to sustainable development, including the health and the welfare of society

n takes into account the expectations of stakeholders

n is in compliance with applicable law and consistent with international norms of behaviour; and

n Is integrated throughout the organization and practised in its relationships.” (International Organization for Standardization, 2010)

 留学生论文怎么写

The one weakness in this definition is the proposition that CSR is about compliance with applicable law. In Dahlsrud’s (2008) analysis of 37 CSR definitions, he identified five critical dimensions. The first dimension is the environment and its consideration in business operations and the second is the social dimension which covers businesses taking into account their impact on society. Both of these dimensions are central to our working definition. The third dimension identified is the economic dimension which looks for a commitment to integrating CSR into business operations is also present as is the fourth dimension which related to how businesses should manage all stakeholder groups in a socially responsible manner (Dahlsrud, 2008). The final dimension, voluntariness, is what is missing from the

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