This assignment will talk about a global healthcare change of patient education to reduce hypertension. Then, find out how to use leadership and management skills in individual professional practice and critically analyze it. First, this assignment will discuss current drives for changes in educating patient to reduce hypertension. Then, it will discuss about what leadership and leadership styles are and use leadership theories in individual professional practice to improve work efficiency. Besides, this essay will critically use leadership and people management skill to reflect analysis in individual professional practice. Next, it will discuss how to reduce the risk of hypertension in patient education. Finally, it will summarise significant points for what I have mentioned before.
According to Go et al (2014), hypertension is a common chronic disease, which known as high blood pressure. They also state hypertension is a long term medical condition refers to persistently high systemic arterial blood pressure and the heart, brain, kidney or other organs damage, and it is one of the main risk factors for stroke, heart disease, coronary artery disease and chronic kidney diseases in the world (Go et al, 2014).
Lochner et al (2006) state the blood pressure measurements are consist of the systolic and diastolic pressures, and its value changes within a certain range. They also state hypertension is classified into two categories: primary and secondary hypertension. About 90 percent of hypertension is the primary hypertension, and anyone can develop high blood pressure due to lifestyle and genetic factors (Lochner et al, 2006). Lifestyle factors that increase the risk of high blood pressure are including age, genders, race, excessive salt intake, overweight, smoking and drinking. The secondary hypertension is caused by some identifiable medical condition, such as chronic kidney disease (Lochner et al, 2006).
Based on the diagnosis, the healthcare providers should develop effective treatments for primary hypertension, which comprise lifestyle modifications and medication to decrease the blood pressure (Hackam et al, 2013). Therefore, for the patients with secondary hypertension, the treatment would work on the condition which suspected of causing the high blood pressure. It is widely known the healthcare of hypertension has been facing dramatic changes and undergoing a worldwide trend of development by the growth in several drivers recently (Hackam et al, 2013).
According to Macphee et al (2013), hypertension is a global epidemic, and it is also a kind of age-related pathophysiology. Generally, the risk of high blood pressure increases in stages as ageing. The blood vessels also lose its flexibility and permeability through aging, which can cause high blood pressure. Now the ageing population is likely to influence patterns of healthcare industry in both developed and developing countries. Macphee et al (2013) state the ageing population means a shift in the distribution of the countries population towards older age and decline in the number of youth. This has happened initially in the developed countries, but now becomes a global problem. Till year 2018, 10 percent of the total world population would be older than 50 (Macphee et al, 2013). The ageing population would put a lot of pressure on the healthcare system and arise two dramatic effects: the increasing demand of services delivery and the decreasing financial support from the government (Denton and Spencer, 2010).............................................
According to Zaccaro et al (2003), the leadership style theory emerge