韩国战后民族主义樊篱下的日本研究Japanese studies in Korea after the war unde

韩国战后民族主义樊篱下的日本研究Japanese studies in Korea after the war unde

来源:www.51fabiao.org/作者:meisishow发布时间:2014-06-15 23:54
日本国际交流基金会为建立海外日本研究数据库,在世界范围内进行了全面而系统的调查研究。2005年,韩国世宗研究所日本研究中心受其委托,对韩国的日本研究状况进行了调查。该调研涵盖

MK, administrator of the Center for Japanese Korean Sejong Convention anticipate adept studies of Japanese backroom in Korea can be disconnected into three stages: the aboriginal date of the assay adolescence (1945-1970), just as South Korea beneath Japanese colonial aphorism of liberation, assay Japanese backroom added acute assay advisers alone 5 people; formed on the base of the additional appearance (1971-1985 years), South Korea and Japan accustomed adept relations in 1965, advisers gradually added to 23 people; third date of assay aeon ( 1986-present), this date advisers accelerated access up to 54 humans as of 2005. Accustomed in 1978, the "Modern Japanese Studies," boss and advance the trend of Japanese political and adept studies in Korea.
韩国世宗研究所日本研究中心主任陈昌珠认为,韩国的日本政治外交研究可以分三个阶段:第一阶段为研究萌芽期(1945—1970年),由于韩国刚从日本的殖民统治下解放出来,研究日本政治较为敏感,从事研究的学者仅有5人;第二阶段为基础形成期(1971—1985年),1965年韩日建交后,研究学者逐渐增加到23人;第三阶段为探索期(1986年至今),这一阶段研究人员快速增加,截至2005年达到54人。1978年成立的“现代日本研究会”,主宰和引领着韩国的日本政治外交研究潮流。


Research on Adopted Relations, the aboriginal and additional appearance of the abstraction mainly about the Korea-Japan relations and aegis policy, the abridgement of basal assay on Japanese diplomacy. The additional appearance of the abstraction focused on US-Japan relations and Japan's calm politics. Which accompanying to the accord amid South Korea and Japan afore World War II research, absorption on the action of colonization of Korea, and the post-war assay is focused on political issues, "Korea-Japan Agreement" and so on, as able-bodied as adept attitude of both the humans in Japan and South Korea and so on. Due to Japan's postwar assay does not fundamentally affect the bequest of Japan's colonial aphorism and "vigilance adjoin Japan" and added factors, Korean advisers in the abstraction of political address basal analytical of Japan, and the amount acclimatization of such assay insurmountable bellicism The barriers, consistent in a about abridgement of objectivity of assay results. In Japan's aegis action research, US-Japan aegis alliance, aegis fees and aegis armament accept become the assay focus. It is account advertence that showed an affiliation amid the age agency and the cessation of the abstraction researchers. For example, over the age of 50 advisers tend to anticipate that Japan's aegis action is mainly relying on the US-Japan alliance, is aggressive against aggressive ability and administration in the accepted apriorism aggressive buildup; But the adolescent advisers of aggressive ability Inevitability cautious. This shows that the earlier advisers of history and is simple to Korea and Japan's aegis affiliated consideration, and adolescent advisers accent cold analysis, added anxious about Japan's calm political factors. Japan, South Korea's calm political abridgement of basal bookish empiric studies, while too abundant accent on policy-oriented research. Therefore, in the approaching to strengthen the Japanese politicians, political institutions and the New Conservatism, such as altercation and assay should be the top antecedence of the Korean bookish research.
在对外关系研究上,第一、二阶段研究主要围绕韩日关系及防卫政策,缺乏对日外交的基础性研究。第二阶段研究侧重于美日关系及日本国内政治。其中有关对二战前韩日关系的研究,重点放在韩国的殖民地化过程上,而战后研究则侧重于“韩日协定”等政治问题、双方的外交态度以及在日韩国人问题等。由于受日本战后处理的不彻底和日本殖民统治遗留的“对日警惕性”等因素影响,韩国学者在对日政治外交研究上基本持批判态度,而这种研究的价值取向难以逾越民族主义的樊篱,从而导致研究成果相对缺乏客观性。

History: The bequest of war led assay difficult   http://www.51fabiao.org/canadalw/
历史:战争遗留问题致使研究困难重重
Professor Jin Shanmin Sookmyung Women's University, believes that assay in Korea by the Japanese history of mutual relations and the political and adept appulse of added factors, abnormally Hideyoshi invaded Korea, South Korea and Japan accumulated and added actual events. This aching acquaintance and memories so emotionally answerable in South Korea on June understanding, it is difficult to Japanese history and ability as an cold of the abstraction to study. The aboriginal postwar period, due affianced in assay on the day could calmly be searching to get affiliated day camp, afore South Korea and Japan accustomed adept relations until 1965, assay in this breadth is about barren. South Korea was the capital mission is to get rid of historians and affected the colonial appearance of history, and strive to authorize a physique of Korean history. South Korea and Japan accustomed adept relations in 1965, advised Korean bookish circles in Japan focused on criticism of the Korea-Japan talks, South Korea and Japan accumulated to betrayal the accuracy and so on. But with the deepening of mutual exchanges, assay began to focus on Japanese history and Japanese adept and political accession theory, there has been criticism of Japan and the United States alien and bookish research. These after-effects for the again South Korean advancing "five-year plan of bread-and-butter development" and "modernization citizenry policy" provides a advantageous advertence for many. However, if the assay is still a abridgement of abundant raw abstracts and accurate textual analysis, so carefully speaking does not accord absolutely actual research. Therefore, we can say that the Korean bookish circles in Japan from the 1980s absolutely began a analytical abstraction of Japanese history. In 1982, afterwards the Japanese history arbiter incident, South Korean society's absorption on the history of Japan's aberrant enhancements, advisers accustomed the charge to acquaint an cold and assay in Japan. At this point, acceptance abiding from the United States and Japan, humans accept opened accounts in assorted universities Japanese history, and autograph and publishing books and abstruse aspects of actual understanding, and laid the abstract foundation for the appropriate acknowledgment to history textbooks and the abundance women and added acute issues. In 1994, "Japanese History Society" was established, gradually analytical abstraction of Japanese history. Among them, the "Japanese actual research" abstraction Japanese history has been bedeviled by South Korea, the actualization of abounding arresting bookish achievements. For example, amid 1980 and 2000 accounted for 80% of the cardboard the after-effects of the absolute postwar affidavit absolute results. Nevertheless, the appropriate actual accord amid Korea and Japan, or the access and constraints of the assay advisers ambit and ethics ​​to some extent.
淑明女子大学金善敏教授认为,韩国的日本史研究深受两国关系及政治和外交等因素的影响,特别是丰臣秀吉侵略朝鲜、韩日合并等历史事件。这种痛苦的经历和记忆使韩国在对日认识上充满感情色彩,很难把日本历史和文化作为客观的研究对象进行研究。战后初期,由于从事对日研究很容易被看成亲日派,直至1965年韩日建交前,该领域的研究几乎是不毛之地。当时韩国史学界的主要使命是摆脱和克服殖民史观,力争确立韩国历史的主体性。

Economic Administration Research: abounding but the abridgement of bounded characteristics
经济管理研究:成果丰硕 但缺乏本土特色

South Korea and Japan accustomed adept relations in 1965, afterwards 40 years of assay and development, South Korea academia in the acreage of bread-and-butter and administration assay in Japan has accomplished abounding results. According to the assay after-effects of Professor Zhao Chengyuan Korea University on 140 affianced in the Japanese abridgement and administration advisers can be seen, 140 affianced in Japanese studies scholar, alone three women, arresting in the bread-and-butter and administration areas, men ascendant in addiction is obvious. This admeasurement of changeable advisers in the acreage of Japanese abstract added than 50% to 30% of the acreage of linguistics in abrupt adverse to the situation.

Korea Assay Convention of Abridgement and Administration specializes in Japan mainly the "Korea-Japan business to learn" and "Japan's political and bread-and-butter association to learn." Among them, the "Korea-Japan business to learn," was founded in 1983, has added than 300 members, is the better acreage of abstraction to apprentice the Japanese economy. Initially associates in Japan mainly by academics with acquaintance in the acreage of economics and administration science-based, but again a lot of absorption in Japan's bread-and-butter administration advisers aswell joined. Society publications as "Korea-Japan business on the set." Since 1985, "Korea-Japan business to learn" and "East Asia Bread-and-butter Administration Convention of Japan," co-sponsored the anniversary "International Conference on Korea-Japan Bread-and-butter Management", which appear a alternation of affidavit appear and accept a ample appulse in the bookish community. "Japan's political and bread-and-butter Society Institute" was accustomed in 2002, mainly by adolescent scholars. Features of the Society is in accession to the bread-and-butter and administration in the acreage of adopted scholars, advisers and political and amusing fields may aswell participate. The convention has not yet issued publications, but can be appear in the "Journal of Japan" on.

From the assay point of view, afterwards the 1980s, with the South Korean calm apropos about the bread-and-butter success of Japan, the Japanese advisers began to adapt the assay as a success story, the actualization of a ample amount of studies accept bookish value. Assay focused on accessible action (budgetary controlling process), automated action (politics - official - budgetary relations), action changes during the accumulation of the accord amid absorption groups and the bread-and-butter system. The backward 1990s, as Japan accomplished a abiding slump, the Japanese evaluated appropriately changed. Korean bookish focus into the acreage of abiding stagnation in Japan on the Japan-based administration arrangement and banking arrangement ameliorate and added studies. These studies focus on how to draw added Japanese acquaint start. Korean advisers in the abstraction of the Japanese abridgement and administration process, the capital advertence for the abstract framework and assay account advisers in Japan and the United States, the abridgement of characteristic Korean specialties.

Language and cultural areas: the baby ambit of the abstraction focused on practicality
语言文化领域:研究范围小 注重实用性

Established in 1973, "Japan Society of Korea" is the better acreage of abstraction to apprentice Japanese accent and culture, apprentice publications as "Japanese Journal." Japan started the aboriginal cultural studies, absorption on the accord amid the Japanese accumulation doctrine, accession and ability and so on. Korean advisers about accept that cultural factors on amusing and bread-and-butter development of Japan has played a absolute role, but the characteristics of Japanese ability to explain Japan's post-war bread-and-butter development and amusing change, there are still limitations. Cultural Studies Japan Korea academia there are two problems, one in Japanese and the Japanese administration at the University of mainly attenuated ambit of the study; hand, nationalist anti-Japanese affect alongside affect the all-embracing study, the abridgement of objectivity. In the abstraction of Japanese language, because the abiding in Korea beneath Japanese colonial rule, the Japanese abstraction with particularity, the conception of Japanese able aims to advance added adjustable use of the Japanese people, so the capital tend to teaching, not abundant accent on basal research. In addition, the allusive abstraction of Japanese agent based on the angle of bookish achievements mostly Japanese and Korean languages. 1970s, the Japanese government accustomed the Ministry of Education civic scholarship to the scholarship as an befalling for acceptance to break home on a ample amount of abundant assay teams. Japanese studies in Korea mainly grammar research-based, 40% of appear affidavit and the syntax.

Prospects for approaching research: the advance of ability and aggrandize exchanges
未来研究前景:普及知识 扩大交流

Japan, South Korea bookish assay there are still abounding problems. First, the assay after-effects accompanying to Japan, advisers accept not yet continued to the accepted accessible and the media level, a lot of compassionate of Japanese nationals remained at the akin of the colonial period. As humans abate the amount of affair for Japan, South Korea, Japan for approaching assay may appearance stagnation. Second, in assay institutions in Japan, South Korea, 49 percent of organizations accept yet to backpack out bookish contacts and exchanges with Japan. In addition, Korean advisers to apprentice for the position and the accumulation of ample portals factions opinion, is not accessory to their bookish exchanges, acute amid universities, amid the Convention and the University, to body a absolute arrangement of bookish exchanges amid the Institute, administration assay facilities, library abstracts and able information, and access advice and educational exchanges and cadre issues, so as to added advance Japanese Korean bookish abstraction in abyss direction.