加拿大历史学本科测验题目

加拿大历史学本科测验题目

来源:www.51fabiao.org作者:cinq发布时间:2013-12-12 08:58
论文题目:测验题目论文语种:英文您的研究方向:历史是否有数据处理要求:否您的国家:加拿大您的学校背景:要求字数:500论文用途:本科课程论文是否需要盲审(博士或硕

(一)他通过阿提卡扩展民主的政府机器到地方一级。梭伦莱克格斯克利斯提尼(二)他教在雅典和他的名言:“人是万物的尺度”,体现智者哲学。普罗泰戈拉斯拉斯马科斯斯科帕斯(三)虽然他没有留下自己的著作,他决心在质疑正当行为每一个假设,他强调通过追求真理的培养,对后来的思想家产生深远而持久的影响。巴门尼德苏格拉底亚里士多德(四)他写了一篇著名的账户伯罗奔尼撒战争。希罗多德柏拉图修昔底德( e)他是波斯战争的帐户的主要来源,被称为历史之父。

 History 1100 1st Mid-Term Quiz November 2013 PART A 1. Circle the name of the person to whom the following description applies: (a) He extended the machinery of democratic government to the local level through Attica.  Solon Lycurgus Cleisthenes (b) He taught in Athens and his famous dictum, 'Man is the measure of all things,' exemplified Sophist philosophy. Protagoras Thrasymachus Scopas (c) Although he left no writings himself, his determination to question every assumption and his emphasis on proper conduct fostered through pursuit of truth had a profound and lasting effect on later thinkers.  Parmenides Socrates Aristotle (d) He wrote a famous account of the Peloponnesian War. Herodotus Plato Thucydides (e) He is the main source for the account of the Persian wars and is known as the Father of History.  Hecataeus Xenophanes Herodotus  (f) An Athenian politician, he persuaded the Athenians to build a fleet of 200 triremes, state of the art warships. Pericles Salamis Themistocles (g) He made it easier for citizens to participate in the assembly and appeals courts of Athens by paying an average day's wage for attendance. Pericles Solon Cleisthenes 2. Circle the appropriate letter to complete each of the following: a. After the death of Alexander the Great (a) Seleucus received the vast Asian possessions (b) the Persians reunified their empire (c) Ptolemy established control over Persia (d) none of the above. b. An offshoot of Zoroastrianism, this religion eventually became one of the most popular religions in the Roman empire. (a) Epicureanism (b) Buddhism (c) Orphic cult (d) Mithraism. c. The Hellenistic philosophy that taught that the supreme duty is to submit to the order of the universe was (a) Stoicism (b) Scepticism (c) Epicureanism (d) Mithraism. d. Which of the following was employed as a model for federalism in America? (a) Seleucids (b) Theban Sacred Band (c) Ptolemaic Egypt (d) Achaean League. e. The first systematic treatment of political philosophy ever written was (a) Phaedo (b) Oikonomikos (c) Republic (d) Symposium. 3. Circle the correct number or numbers in each of the following sytatements: a. The founders of Rome were (1) Etruscans from Asia Minor (2) Greek colonists who had earlier settled in southern Italy (3) obscure Latin-speaking people who were descended from Indo-European invaders. b. The early Roman senate was (1) an elected body (2) appointed by the king (3) composed of the heads of clans. c. The plebeians of the early Roman republic were mostly (1) conquered peoples of Italy (2) small farmers and merchants (3) non-Italian conquered people. d. The final conquest of Carthage by Rome (1) led directly to further Roman expeditions to Greece and the Middle East in the third century (2) contributed to the decline of the small farmer (3) brought an era of peace and stability for the next hundred years.  4. In each blank below write the name of the person described: a. Killed in a conflict with the conservative senators, this tribune had sought to limit the amount of land any citizen could hold. b. This Carthaginian general terrorized the Italian peninsula and outfought the Roman armies but in the end lost the war. c. This escaped slave led a revolt of other slaves in southern Italy until his death in battle. d. A brilliant and ironic historian of the first century AD, he sought not merely to record the past but to indict the present. e. An emperor in the late second century AD, he was also a famous Stoic.  5. In each blank below write the name of the person or title: a. Native of Tarsus who proclaimed Christianity a universal religion and declared himself to be the Apostle to the Gentiles. b. Christian sect that believed Christ was inferior to God the Father and not coeternal with Him. c. Autobiography of a famous theologian who held church office in Africa. d. A Germanic people who established a kingdom in northwestern Africa and sacked Rome in 455. e. Roman emperor who named his capital after himself and made the succession hereditary. f. Tradition and theory that justifies papal authority. g. Last ruler of a united Roman empire, cruel in vengeance but titled 'the Great'. h. Roman ruler who, after trying vainly to exterminate Christianity, issued an edict of toleration. i. Ostrogothic conqueror who for many years gave Italy an enlightened government in contrast to man native Roman emperors. j. Bishop of Hippo and greatest of the Latin church fathers, whose writings have been held in esteem by both Catholics and Protestants. k. A brutal Frankish chieftain who founded the Merovingian dynasty. l. A military figure nicknamed >the hammer= and considered the second founder of the Frankish state. 6. The 7th century was a turning point in the history of western civilization because a. the entire Mediterranean world converted to Christianity b. the Greco-Roman world of antiquity divided into Byzantine, Islamic and Latin Christian realms c. trade connections between North Africa and the Near East were ruptured by the Islamic conquests 7. Why did Pope Leo crown Charlemagne emperor of Rome on Christmas Day, 800: a. because Charlemagne told him to b. because Charlemagne knew this would anger the Byzantines, whom he regarded as heretics c. because this title increased Charlemagne’s control over the church in Gaul d. historians do not know 8. Why did the Carolingian empire collapse during the 9th century: a. because the structural limits of its expansion had been reached b. because Louis the Pious was too otherworldly to rule effectively c. because the Vikings destroyed it d. all of the above 9. The two fundamental factors driving the high medieval European economy were a. population growth and an increasingly efficient market for goods b. long distance trade and investments in church buildings c. technological innovations in agriculture and new styles of ships that could carry more d. newly discovered precious metal deposits and the resulting inflation 10. During the 11th century the most spectacular developments in long-distance trade took place in a. northern Italy b. the North Sea c. the Rhineland d. Sicily 11. ‘Feudal pyramids’ emerged in Western Europe a. during the 10th century, in the wake of the collapsing Carolingian empire b. during the 12th and 13th centuries, when powerful kings began to insist that feudal relationships should be hierarchically arranged, with themselves at the top of the pyramid c. first in France, then spread to the rest of Europe d. in Egypt, where the pharaohs built them 12. Magna Carta expresses the idea a. that only nobles need to consent to taxation b. that the king is bound by the law c. that all people should have the right of free speech d. all of the above 13. Frederick I (Barbarossa) expressed his claim to be the Roman emperor by a. establishing Rome as his political capital b. renaming himself ‘Augustus,’ after Caesar Augustus c. enforcing Roman law and adding his own new laws to those of Justinian d. all of the above 14. The High Middle Ages witnessed the birth of a new political structure: a. the city-state in Italy and the Low Countries b. the multicultural, multilingual, empire c. the national monarchy d. the nation-state 15. The Black Plague probably spread to Western Europe along the trade routes from a. upper Egypt b. Genoa c. the Crimea d. the Gobi desert of Mongolia 16. After 1450 European towns grew significantly in size and economic power because they a. invented and exploited double-entry bookkeeping methods b. developed strategies for managing outbreaks of the plague c. attracted more people and developed specialized products and services d. successfully controlled price variations and limited business risk 17. What was the fundamental cause of the Hundred Years’ War: a. English attempts to expand and control disputed territories in France b. French attempts to expand and control disputed territories in England c. The assassination of King Philip IV d. The success of Burgundy 18. The development of artillery in late medieval Europe affected military strategy in that a. Foot soldiers were no longer useful on the battlefield b. Mounted knights were no longer useful on the battlefield c. National monarchies could no longer control rebellious aristocrats d. Stone castles became less viable as defensive strongholds PART B Write a brief essay (approximately 500 words) on any ONE of the following topics: 1. How do you account for the failure of the Greek experiment in democracy? 2. How do you account for the decline of the western Roman empire? 3. Why did Charlemagne want to be recognized as Holy Roman Emperor rather than just King of the Franks?